OEMs

 

ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS - OEMs

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The auto industry has a vast network of organizations and companies, which are focused on manufacturing, development, innovations, supplying, distributing and many other operational groups. Being so vast and intensively advancing, the automotive industry is dificult to come to understand quickly. It is though, a leading driver of global economic growth.

 

 

OEMs tend to work together to control the markets they trade in, to prevent outsiders coming in to endanger their slice of any market they have come to dominate and enjoy.

 

OEMs do not like change, they like slow evolution to recover investments in production lines and supply chains, which is the story of the motor trade. Nothing unusual in that of course, it is just the business side of the art, that needs a policy jolt every now and again to effect change.

 

OEMs do not like disruptive technology - even if it opens up new markets - for fear of the unknown. For sure they will fight shy of any technological advance that involves taking a chance. Because their bean counters can only count beans that exist, not beans that may exist. Indeed it is the accounting departments hoisting the "maybe" flag that do not like change, when perhaps they should be embracing new markets and old markets are throttled with the advancing zero emission tide.

 

That is why we have had to wait so long for green electric vehicles, and even now in 2020, with climate change at ice-cap critical levels, the automotive and services bean counters will be doing all they can to keep things as they are - and that means more carcinogenic petrol and diesel vehicles. Yes, they'd rather kill more humans and species that cannot defend themselves - than entertain change.

 

WHAT IS AN OEM?

 

An original equipment manufacturer (OEM) traditionally is defined as a company whose goods are used as components in the products of another company, which then sells the finished item to users.

 

When referring to auto parts, OEM refers to the manufacturer of the original equipment, that is, the parts assembled and installed during the construction of a new vehicle.

 

In contrast, aftermarket parts are those made by companies other than the OEM, which might be installed as replacements after the car comes out of the factory.

 

For example, if Ford used Autolite spark plugs, Exide batteries, Bosch fuel injectors, and Ford's own engine blocks and heads when building a car, then car restorers and collectors consider those to be the OEM parts.

 

Other-brand parts would be considered aftermarket, such as Champion spark plugs, DieHard batteries, Kinsler fuel injectors, and BMP engine blocks and heads.

 

Many auto parts manufacturers sell parts through multiple channels, for example to car makers for installation during new-vehicle construction, to car makers for resale as automaker-branded replacement parts, and through general merchandising supply chains.

 

Any given brand of part can be OEM on some vehicle models and aftermarket on others. 

VALUE ADDED RESELLERS

The second firm is referred to as a value-added reseller (VAR) because by augmenting or incorporating features or services, it adds value to the original item. The VAR works closely with the OEM, which often customizes designs based on the VAR company's needs and specifications.

UNDERSTANDING OEMs 

One of the basic examples is the relationship between an auto manufacturer and a maker of auto parts. Parts such as exhaust systems or brake cylinders are manufactured by a wide variety of OEMs. The OEM parts are then sold to an auto manufacturer, which then assembles them into a car. The completed car is then marketed to auto dealers to be sold to individual consumers.

 

Quite often the only part the auto maker actually makes, is the body/chassis pressings, and even then, these are often produced by a panel maker. Hence, the auto maker focuses on design, sales and servicing, with a whole lot of brand building to make the customer feel they are buying into whatever it is that they are advertising.

 

Many of the OEM parts will not change as we transfer to electrics. The basic running gear: suspension, braking, lighting and glass, upholstery, etc., will all remain unaffected. The motors, controllers and energy storage will be up for grabs, now in two camps, batteries and hydrogen/fuel-cells.

 

 

 

 

AUTOMOTIVE TOP TEN 2013 (EXAMPLE)


The global car industry has a relatively stable list of automotive producers. Even though it’s hard to say which is the leading in the field, there are statistics which can make for a clearer classification.


The top OEM companies are usually the same throughout the years because they’ve been progressing since the beginning of motorized transport. Even so, their positions change from time to time.

 

Each of these automobile producers has its own domination in a particular category, as well as its own benefits in comparison to the others. The numbers and figures for year 2013 are as follows:

 

BMW - In 2013, the German automaker BMW had a global share of 2.92% based on number of car produced. 

 

Ford - the top selling car brand in the US has been recently described as the most convenient car brand in the world. Established in 1903, the company boasts annual sales of 2.5 million units. The worldwide market share of Ford is 15.7%. Close to bankruptcy during the sub-primes crisis, Ford still struggles nowadays due to a slowdown of the European market. However, the company just finished 2014 with results beyond expectations.


General Motors - Established in 1908, GM has a long history with great successes. The company owns the brand Cadillac, which recently released the CT6 to re-capture the luxury market. The annual sales are about 10.32 million units, while their US market share is a stable 17.9%.

 

Honda - was founded in 1948, and is the third leading automotive force in Japan. Today it can boast annual sales of 1,525,312 units. Even though massive recall fees have weakened Honda's results in 2015, the company's international share is about 9.8%. 

 

Hyundai - Established in 1947 in South Korea, the company might be young, but it’s one of the leading automotive brands in the world. Its 970,000 units per year bring an annual worldwide share of 4.7%.

Mercedes - Still a top supplier for motor vehicles and car parts Daimler has had many obstacles thru its history. The company however declared March 2015 to be the best month in sales of Mercedes cars in the company's history.

 

Nissan - is a multifunctional automotive leader in both Asia and on a global basis, created in 1933. The European market share of Nissan is about 2.4%. The worldwide sales for the company are calculated at about 5 million units.

 

Peugeot - Peugeot, part of PSA Peugeot Citroen, was set up in 1882 in France. The firm started as the leading European producer of bicycles and coffee mills. Today it can boast 2,819,000 units sold. Its European market share is about 42%.

 

Renault - Established in 1899 Renault a French-based company, is one of the leading producers of wide range of cars (including two-seaters and light vehicles), and vans. In the past Renault manufactured trucks as well. The company has sold 2,628,209 units worldwide with a 2.5% increase in European sales this year. Today's Renaults European market share is 9.5%.

 

Suzuki - This Motor Corporation was established in 1909 in Japan, is the automotive leader in the Asian market. It specializes in automobiles, four-wheel drive vehicles, and motorcycles. Suzuki has sold 2,878,000 automobiles and 2,269,000 motorcycles and ATVs. It holds a 19.9% share of the global industry. 

 

Toyota - Created in 1937, Toyota the Japanese company is a top brand for all kinds of automotive products. It sold 9.71 million units last year and its worldwide market share has reached up to 11.8%.

 

Volkswagen - Established in Berlin in 1937, Volkswagen can be freely called the German miracle. With annual sold units at about 9.7 million. Its European market share is 24.8%. 

 

Working with, or suppliers of fuels, electric vehicles will change the energy landscape now in two camps, batteries and hydrogen/fuel-cells. This means electricity suppliers and gas companies ascend, where previously oil companies ruled the roost.

 

COMPUTER EXAMPLE


There is a second, newer definition of OEM, typically used in the computer industry. In this case, OEM may refer to the company that buys products and then incorporates or re-brands them into a new product under its own name.

For example, Microsoft supplies its Windows software to Dell Technologies, which incorporates it into its personal computers and sells a complete PC system directly to the public. In the traditional sense of the term, Microsoft is the OEM and Dell the VAR. However, the computer's product guide for consumers is most likely to refer to Dell as the OEM.

 

 

TOP ENERGY COMPANIES A - Z

 

Some of the biggest utilities: 

 

Duke Energy Corporation, DUK, N. Carolina, USA

Dominion Energy Inc., Richmond, Virginia

EDF Électricité de France SA

ENEL

Engie

E.ON

Exelon Corporation EXC, Chicago, USA

GE General Electric

Iberdrola

KEPCO Korean Electric Power Corporation

National Electric Grid & Central Electricity Authority (India)

National Energy Board (Canada)

National Grid plc (formerly Central Electricity Generating Board UK)

Next Era Energy Inc. Florida, USA
Scottish & Southern Energy

Southern Company, Atlanta, Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, USA

State Grid Corporation of China

TEPCO Tokyo Electric Power Company

 

 

TOP HYDROGEN GAS PRODUCERS A - Z

 

Some of the biggest: 

 

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CARS and MOTORCYCLES OEM HISTORY

 

 

Abarth

AC

Alfa Romeo

Allard

Alvis

Amphicar

Aprilia

Armstrong Siddeley

Aston Martin

Audi

Austin

Austin Healey

Auto Union

Bedford

Benelli

Bentley

Bertone

Bizzarrini

BMW

Bristol Cars

BSA

Bugatti

Buick

Cadillac

Cagiva

CAT - Caterpillar

Caterham

Chevrolet

Chrysler

Citroen

Daewoo

Daihatsu

Daimler

Datsun

Davrian

De Lorean

Delahaye

DKW

Dodge

Dongfeng

Ducati

Du Pont

Dutton

ECOmove Qbeak

Facel Vega

Farina

Ferrari

Fiat

Ford

General Motors

Gentry

Gilbern

Gilera

Ginetta

Gordon Keeble

Gregoire

Hanomag

Harley Davidson

Heinkel

Highland ZEV

Hillman

Honda

Hummer

Husqvarna

Hyundai

Indian

Iso

Isuzu

Jaguar

Jeep

Jensen

Jösse

Kawasaki

KIA

KTM

Lada

Lagonda

Lamborghini

Lancia

Land Rover

Laverda

Lexus

Leyland

Lincoln

Lotus

Marcos

Maserati

Mazda

Mercedes Benz

MG

MGB

Mini

Mitsubishi

Morgan

Morris

Moto Guzzi

MV Augusta

Napier

Nissan

Nelson

Norton

Oldsmobile

Opel

Packard

Pagani

Panhard

Panther

Peerless

Pegaso

Peugeot

Pininfarina

Pontiac

Porsche

Reliant

Renault

Riley

Rolls Royce

Rover For Sale

Royal Enfield

Saab

Sachs

Seat

Skoda

Smart

Standard

Steyr-Puch

Studebaker

Suburu

Sunbeam

Suzuki

Swallow

Tesla

Toyota

Tata

Tatra

Treser

Triumph

TVR

Unipower

Vanden Plas

Vauxhall

Vespa

Volkswagen

VW Camper

VW T2

Volvo

Wolseley

Yamaha

Yugo

 

 

LINKS & REFERENCE

 

https://www.mercedes-benz.com/

http://www.toyota-global.com/

http://www.globalsuzuki.com/

http://www.peugeot.com/

http://www.honda.com/

http://www.nissan-global.com/

http://www.ford.com/

http://www.renault.fr/

https://www.reportlinker.com/automotive/companies/Manufacturers.html

https://www.big-supplies.co.uk/bespoke-solutions-oem-approved/

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/v/value-added-reseller.asp

https://www.investopedia.com/terms/o/oem.asp

 

 

 

 

 

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