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EXAMPLES OF EV RANGES - For most us.
BBC NEWS FEBRUARY 13 2020 - Ford boss urges re-think on electric hybrid car ban
The date was suggested by Transport Secretary Grant Shapps as part of a range of potential dates the government was looking at.
Reflecting on the announcement, Mr Rowley said: "Plug-in hybrids can be an important part of technology mix."
He also called for more infrastructure investment for electric vehicles, including more access to chargers.
Speaking on Radio 5 live's Wake Up To Money, Mr Rowley called the target "hugely ambitious", adding: "Whether we are going to achieve 2035 or 2032, it's going to require huge investment and for us to work together as an industry, the government, cities and consumers to make this transition."
Jim Holder, editorial director of Autocar publishers Haymarket Automotive, said: "Most manufacturers are spending hundreds of millions of pounds of investment, launching them [the cars] this year. All of a sudden they're having the rug pulled from under their feet.
In a statement, the Department for Transport said that plug-in hybrids are not always used in zero emission mode, which is why they are including them in the ban.
Mr Rowley also said that the government should focus more on investment into infrastructure. "Today very few people have the ability to charge an electric vehicle, whether it be at home or whether it be in public places.
"The investment in the infrastructure is going to be critical, that requires government investment, cities to organise for that, and people to be able to install charging in their homes," he said.
According to Zap-Map, a phone app that helps drivers find charging points, there are over 10,800 electric charging locations in the UK. About 25% of them are located in London, but, for example, just 3% are in Wales.
Mr Rowley said: "We're putting 1,000 charging facilities at our plants and offices, and we're going to need to see more across the country, not just in the big cities."
HYDROGEN FUEL CELL CARTRIDGE - It looks like a battery cartridge. It performs like a battery cartridge. It stores energy like a lithium battery cartridge, but it is a hydrogen fuel store and fuel cell cartridge combination. Where lithium and cobalt raw materials may limit the production numbers of EVs as green motoring becomes the norm, hydrogen in a safe format might offer unlimited possibilities to resolve range anxiety. The concept is compatible with SMARTNET FASTCHARGE service stations. NOTE: This is just a concept, not a product yet. More development is needed to before mass production could be entertained. Design Copyright and patent(s) pending February 2020, all rights reserved Bluebird Marine Systems Ltd.
EUROPEAN AUTO MANUFACTURERS INCLUDE:
TESLA S CARTRIDGE EXCHANGE - This concept is not a million miles away from SMARTNET, except that the underground method makes it expensive and complicated. This is a variation of the Better Place system. The point here is that with a bit of tweaking, FASTCHARGE can be made to work in practical terms.
A - Z of CARS and MOTORCYCLES
EXAMPLES OF EV RANGES - For most users, 100 miles range would allow the shopping run and visits to the folks and friends, without too much of a panic about range limitation. As soon as this range is exceeded, these cars become useless in terms of replacing petrol and diesel cars. What is needed is an infrastructure that replaces the convenience of fossil fuel servicing with the advantages of zero emissions and renewable energy, to create a truly sustainable society in United Nations' terms: SDG 7, 11 and 13.
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