CANADIAN - BUSH WILDFIRES

 

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"Mmmm. Those crazy hippies might have a point. It is getting a little warmer than I'd Like."

 

 

Forest wildfires in Canada are on the increase. From 2007 to 2017, wildfires burned an average of 6.6 and 6.2 million acres/year in the U.S. and Canada, respectively.

 

 

Year Size Name Area Notes
1825 3,000,000 acres (1,200,000 ha) Miramichi Fire New Brunswick Killed between 160 and 300 people.
1845 1,500,000 acres (610,000 ha) The Great Fire Oregon
1853 450,000 acres (180,000 ha) The Yaquina Fire Oregon
1868 300,000 acres (120,000 ha) The Coos Fire Oregon
1870 964,000 acres (390,000 ha) Saguenay Fire Quebec
1871 1,200,000 acres (490,000 ha) Peshtigo Fire Wisconsin Killed between 1,200 and 2,500 people and has the distinction of being the conflagration that caused the most deaths by fire in United States history. It was overshadowed by the Great Chicago Fire that occurred on the same day.
1871 2,500,000 acres (1,000,000 ha) The Great Michigan Fire Michigan It was overshadowed by the Great Chicago Fire that occurred on the same day.
1876 500,000 acres (200,000 ha) Bighorn Fire Wyoming
1881 1,000,000 acres (400,000 ha) Thumb Fire Michigan Killed 282 people
1889 300,000 acres (120,000 ha) Santiago Canyon Fire of 1889 California
1894 160,000 acres (65,000 ha) Hinckley Fire Minnesota Killed 418+ people and destroyed 12 towns
1898 2,500,000 acres (1,000,000 ha) South Carolina
1902 238,900 acres (96,700 ha) Yacolt Burn Washington (state) and Oregon 65+ deaths
1903 464,000 acres (188,000 ha) Adirondack Fire New York
1908 64,000 acres

(25,900 ha)

1908 Fernie Fire British Columbia Town of Fernie, BC destroyed. 22 casualties reported. Cause: logging slash.
1910 3,000,000 acres (1,200,000 ha) Great Fire of 1910 Idaho and
Montana
87 people (incl. 78 firefighters) killed and several towns destroyed across North Idaho and Western Montana. ~2,000 separate blazes burned an area the size of Connecticut in what is believed to be the largest fire in U.S. history.
1911 500,000 acres (200,000 ha) Great Porcupine Fire Ontario Killed between 73 and 200 people
1916 500,000 acres (200,000 ha) Great Matheson Fire Ontario Killed 223 people according to official figures, and destroyed several towns, Cochrane burnt again after just five years.
1918 100,000 acres (40,000 ha) Cloquet Fire Minnesota and
Wisconsin
Killed 453 people
1919 5,000,000 acres

(2,023,000 ha)

Great Fire of 1919 Alberta and Saskatchewan Spanning from Lac La Biche, AB to almost Prince Albert, SK. Village of Lac La Biche destroyed. 300+ people homeless. An estimated $200,000 in property damage.

Cause: drought, high winds, lightning. Forest Fire area burned is an estimation.

1922 415,000 acres (168,000 ha) Great Fire of 1922 Ontario Killed 43 people and burnt through 18 townships in the Timiskaming District
1923 Giant Berkeley Fire California Leveled 50 city blocks, destroying 624 buildings
1932 220,000 acres (89,000 ha) Matilija Fire California
1933 47 acres (19 ha) 1933 Griffith Park Fire California Killed 29 firefighters and injured more than 150
1937 1,700 acres (690 ha) Blackwater Creek Fire Wyoming Killed 15 firefighters
1947 175,000 acres (71,000 ha) The Great Fires of 1947 Maine A series of fires that lasted ten days; 16 people killed. Forest fire destroyed part of Bar Harbor and damaged Acadia National Park.
1948 645,000 acres (261,000 ha) Mississagi/Chapleau fire Ontario
1949 4,500 acres (1,800 ha) Mann Gulch fire Montana 12 firefighters who parachuted near the fire and 1 forest ranger died after being overtaken by a 200-foot wall of fire at the top of a gulch near Helena, Montana.
1950 3,500,000 acres (1,400,000 ha) Chinchaga Fire British Columbia and Alberta Largest single North American fire on record. The B.C. portion was just 90,000 ha.
1953 1,300 acres (530 ha) Rattlesnake Fire California Killed 15 firefighters. Well known textbook case used to train firefighters.
1956 40,000 acres (16,000 ha) Cleveland National Fire California Started November 25th. Fire destroyed 40,000 acres in Cleveland National Forest and caused 11 deaths.
1958 558,260 acres (225,920 ha) Kech Fire British Columbia Largest wildfire in BC history until the 2017 Plateau Fire of 521,012 hectares.
1961 16,090 acres (6,510 ha) Bel Air Fire California 484 homes destroyed and ~112 injuries.
1963 183,000 acres (74,000 ha) Black Saturday Fire New Jersey 400 buildings destroyed and 7 people killed.
1970 175,425 acres (70,992 ha) Laguna Fire California 382 homes destroyed and 8 people killed.
1977 10,000 acres (4,000 ha) Marble Cone Fire California Vandenberg Air Force Base, 4 people killed including the base commander, and two fire chiefs.
1983 45,000 acres (18,000 ha) Swiss Fire British Columbia Houston, British Columbia, destroyed 7 residences
1985 93,000 acres (38,000 ha) Allen Fire North Carolina In 1985, nearly 93,000 acres of forest, wetlands and farmland burned in northeastern North Carolina in one of the biggest fires in modern state history
1987 650,000 acres (260,000 ha) Siege of 1987 California and Oregon These fires were started by a large lightning storm in late August. The storm started roughly 1600 new fires, most caused by dry lightning.
1988 793,880 acres (321,270 ha) Yellowstone fires of 1988 Wyoming and
Montana
Never controlled by firefighters; only burned out when a snowstorm hit.
1989 8,105,000 acres

(3,280,000 ha)

The Manitoba Fires Manitoba 1147 wildfires in central and northern Manitoba in the spring & summer of 1989. 24,500 people evacuated from 32 communities. Over 100 homes destroyed. Worst fire season in province's history. Cause: severe drought, human and natural ignition sources.
1990 5,000 acres (2,000 ha) Painted Cave Fire California 1 death and 430 buildings burned in this arson fire near Santa Barbara
1991 1,520 acres (620 ha) Oakland Hills firestorm California Killed 25 and destroyed 3469 homes and apartments within the cities of Oakland and Berkeley
1993 14,337 acres (5,802 ha) Laguna Beach Fire California Destroyed 441 homes, burned 14,337 acres causing $528,000,000 in damage.
1994 2,115 acres (856 ha) South Canyon fire Colorado Killed 14 firefighters
1995 12,354 acres (4,999 ha) Mount Vision Fire California 45 homes destroyed
1996 37,336 acres (15,109 ha) Miller's Reach Fire Alaska Most destructive wildfire in Alaska history. 344 structures destroyed.
1998 506,000 acres (205,000 ha) 1998 Florida wildfires Florida 4899 fires, burned 342 homes, $390 million timber lost.
1998 14,800 acres

(6,000 ha)

Silver Creek Fire British Columbia Immediately SW of Salmon Arm, BC. Cause was lightning. Approximately 7,000 people evacuated. Over 40 buildings destroyed. It cost over $10,000,000 to extinguish.
1999 140,948 acres (57,040 ha) Big Bar Complex Fire California Started August 1999
2000 48,000 acres (19,000 ha) Cerro Grande Fire New Mexico Burned about 420 dwellings in Los Alamos, New Mexico, damaged >100 buildings at Los Alamos National Laboratory; $1 billion damage, second worst fire in state's recorded history
2001 9,300 acres (3,800 ha) Thirty Mile Fire Washington Killed 4 firefighters
2002 92,000 acres (37,000 ha) Ponil Complex Fire New Mexico also called the Philmont Fire.
2002 150,700 acres (61,000 ha) McNally Fire California Largest fire in Sequoia National Forest history.
2002 467,066 acres (189,015 ha) Rodeo-Chediski fire Arizona Threatened, but did not burn the town of Show Low, Arizona
2002 137,760 acres (55,750 ha) Hayman Fire in Pike National Forest Colorado The largest wildfire in Colorado's history. Five firefighter deaths, 600 structures fires
2002 499,750 acres (202,240 ha) Florence/Sour Biscuit Complex Fire Oregon 150 million dollars to suppress.
2003 84,750 acres (34,300 ha) Aspen Fire Arizona Destroyed large portions of Summerhaven, Arizona
2003 61,776 acres (25,000 ha) Okanagan Mountain Park Fire British Columbia Displaced 45,000 inhabitants, destroyed 239 homes and threatened urbanized sections of Kelowna.
2003 90,769 acres (36,733 ha) B&B Complex fires Oregon Burned along the crest of the Cascade Mountains between Mount Washington and Mount Jefferson including 40,419 acres (163.57 km2) within the Mount Jefferson Wilderness.
2003 91,281 acres (36,940 ha) Old Fire California 993 homes destroyed, 6 deaths. Simultaneous with the Cedar Fire.
2003 273,246 acres (110,579 ha) Cedar Fire (2003) California Third largest recorded fire in modern California history; burned 2,232 homes and killed 15 in San Diego County.
2004 1,305,592 acres (528,354 ha) Taylor Complex Fire Alaska Largest wildfire by acreage of 19972007 time period
2006 40,200 acres (16,300 ha) Esperanza Fire California Arson-caused wildfire that killed 5 firefighters and destroyed 34 homes and 20 outbuildings.
2006 160,000 acres (65,000 ha) Day Fire California 1 residence burned, no casualties.
2007 564,450 acres (228,420 ha) Sweat Farm Road/Big Turnaround Complex Fire Georgia Largest recorded fire in Georgia history. 26 structures were lost.
2007 124,584 acres (50,417 ha) Florida Bugaboo Fire Florida Largest fire on record in Florida.
2007 18,000 acres (7,300 ha) Warren Grove Fire New Jersey Forest fire in the New Jersey Pine Barrens caused by a flare form an F-16 jet. Destroyed 4 homes, damaged 53 homes, injured 2.
2007 363,052 acres (146,922 ha) Milford Flat Fire Utah Largest fire on record in Utah.
2007 653,100 acres (264,300 ha) Murphy Complex Fire Idaho and Nevada
2007 240,207 acres (97,208 ha) Zaca Fire California Started July 2007. Second largest California fire at the time after the Cedar fire of 2003.
2007 972,000 acres (393,000 ha) California wildfires of October 2007 California A series of wildfires that killed 9 people and injured 85 (including 61 firefighters). Burned at least 1,500 homes from the Santa Barbara County to the U.S.Mexico border.
2008 41,534 acres (16,808 ha) Evans Road Wildfire North Carolina Peat fire started on 1 June by lightning strike during North Carolina's drought the worst on record.
2008 1,557,293 acres (630,214 ha) Summer 2008 California wildfires California In Northern California, the fires were mostly started by lightning. In Santa Barbara (Southern California), the Gap fire endangered homes and lives. The Basin Complex and Gap fire were the highest priority fires in the state at this time.
2009 19,130 acres (7,740 ha) Highway 31 Fire South Carolina Brush fire in Myrtle Beach, the most destructive fire in terms of loss in state history. Destroyed 76 homes and damaged 97.
2009 164,500 acres (66,600 ha) Brittany Triangle Fire British Columbia Also known as the Lava Canyon fire this was the largest fire in BC in 2009. Started 31 July by lightning this fire made news when it threatened a wild horse population.
2010 98,842 acres (40,000 ha) Binta Lake Fire British Columbia BC's largest blaze of 2010, resulted in evacuation orders and alerts. Burned 70,000 acres in a 12-hour period.
2011 538,049 acres (217,741 ha) Wallow Fire Arizona and New Mexico The largest fire in Arizona state history. In one 24-hour burn period (6/6-6/7), it consumed 77769 acres of forest land.
2011 34,000 acres (14,000 ha) Bastrop County Complex fire Texas The worst fire in Texas state history, destroyed over 1500 homes
2011 1,748,636 acres (707,648 ha) Richardson Backcountry Fire Alberta The largest Canadian fire since 1950.
2011 156,293 acres (63,250 ha) Las Conchas Fire New Mexico Second largest fire in New Mexico state history. 63 homes lost. Threatened Los Alamos National Laboratory.
2011 12,000 acres (4,900 ha) Slave Lake Wildfire Alberta Burned through Slave Lake, Alberta, Canada and its surrounding area from 14 May 2011 through 16 May 2011. The fire destroyed roughly one-third of Slave Lake and cost $1.8 billion.
2012 289,478 acres (117,148 ha) Whitewater-Baldy Complex Fire New Mexico Largest wildfire in New Mexico state history. Began in the Gila Wilderness as two separate fires that converged, both started by lightning. Destroyed 12 homes in Willow Creek, NM.
2012 44,330 acres (17,940 ha) Little Bear Fire New Mexico Most destructive wildfire in New Mexico state history. Began in the Lincoln National Forest and was started by lightning.
2012 87,284 acres (35,323 ha) High Park Fire Colorado Started by lightning, it is the second largest wildfire in Colorado state history by size.
2012 18,247 acres (7,384 ha) Waldo Canyon Fire Colorado Rampart Range and West Colorado Springs with 346 homes destroyed primarily in the Mountain Shadows neighborhood, it is the second most destructive fire in state history. Two fatalities reported.
2012 248,000 acres (100,000 ha) Ash Creek Fire Montana
2012 719,694 acres (291,250 ha) Long Draw Fire and Miller Homestead Fire Oregon Oregon's largest fire in 150 years.
2012 332,000 acres (134,000 ha) Mustang Complex Wildfire Idaho ...
2012 315,557 acres (127,701 ha) Rush Fire California and Nevada
2013 14,198 acres (5,746 ha) Black Forest Fire Colorado North of Colorado Springs, Large, fast-spreading fire due to dry conditions, high heat and restless winds. Destroyed 509 homes and left 17 homes partially damaged. As of 13 June 2013 it became the most destructive fire in Colorado state history.
2013 1,300 acres (530 ha) Yarnell Hill Fire Arizona 19 firefighters killed on 30 June 2013.
2013 617,763 acres (250,000 ha) Quebec Fire Quebec Over 300 evacuated.
2013 253,332 acres (102,520 ha) Rim Fire California Occurred in Yosemite National Park. Biggest wildfire on record in the Sierra Nevada, and fourth largest wildfire in California history. Started 17 August 2013 and was contained on 24 October 2013.
2014 252,000 acres (102,000 ha) Carlton Complex Fire Washington Four wildfires merged to become the largest single wildfire in Washington state history (Of the 3,000,000 acres Great Fire of 1910, only 150,000 acres were in Washington.)
2014 8,400,000 acres (3,400,000 ha) 2014 Northwest Territories fires Northwest Territories Said to have been the largest set of wildfires in 30 years in the Northwest Territories. Total cost of firefighting was between C$55 and C$56 million compared to the normal budget C$7.5 million. There were no reported deaths.
2015 302,224 acres (122,306 ha) Okanogan Complex Washington The largest wildfire complex in Washington state history.
2016 367,620 acres (148,770 ha) Anderson Creek Fire Kansas and Oklahoma Largest wildfire in Kansas history.
2016 1,466,990 acres (593,670 ha) Fort McMurray Wildfire Alberta and Saskatchewan Largest fire evacuation in Alberta history (88,000 on 3 May, a further 8,000 on 16 May). Over 2,400 homes and buildings destroyed. Costliest disaster in Canadian history.
2017 3,004,932 acres (1,216,053 ha) 2017 British Columbia wildfires British Columbia The 2017 BC fire season is notable for three reasons; first, for the largest total area burnt in a fire season in recorded history; second, for the largest number of total evacuees in a fire season (Estimated 65,000 evacuees); and third, for the largest single fire ever in British Columbia.
2017 1,295,000 acres (524,000 ha) 2017 Montana wildfires Montana Contained thanks to the rain and snow by mid-September.
2017 240,000 acres (97,000 ha) October 2017 Northern California wildfires California The October 2017 Northern California wildfires were a large group of forest fires that killed 44 people and destroyed 8,900 structures.
2017 281,893 acres (114,078 ha) Thomas Fire California Largest wildfire in modern California history at the time (see 1889 Santiago Canyon fire that may have been larger). Spread fast due to strong winds and unusual dry weather in December.
2018 3,346,508 acres (1,354,284 ha) 2018 British Columbia wildfires British Columbia Initial estimates put 2018 as the largest total burn-area in any British Columbia wildfire season, surpassing the historic 2017 wildfire season.
2018 459,102 acres (185,792 ha) Mendocino Complex Fire California 229 structures destroyed, 2 reported deaths
2018 229,651 acres (92,936 ha) Carr Fire California 1,604 structures destroyed, 8 reported deaths
2018 96,949 acres (39,234 ha) Woolsey Fire California 1,643 structures destroyed, 3 fatalities, 5 injuries
2018 149,000 acres (60,000 ha) Camp Fire California 18,804 structures destroyed, 85 confirmed deaths, 2 missing, 17 injured, deadliest and most destructive wildfire in California to date.

 

 

FOREST FIRE A TO Z

 

Amazonian

Arctic

Asia

Australian

Bolivian

Brazilian

British Columbian

Canadian - Saskatchewan

Chilean

Croatian

Ecuador

France

Greece

Japanese

Malaysian

Mongolian

Portugal

Russian

Spain

Sweden

USA - California, Yosemite

       - Montana

       - Georgia

       - Sacramento

UK   - Saddleworth Moor

       - Moray

       - Dartmoor

 

 

 

......

 

 

 

WOOD IS GOOD x 10 PLEASE

 

Timber grown for wood is only good if part of a replanting scheme, with at least 2 trees planted for every one felled, though we would suggest up to 10 trees should be planted to offset the loss of carbon absorption during growth.

 

We need to plant more trees - a whole lot more trees, not clear them, and especially not waste timber that is a vital renewable resource for zero carbon house building. Forest fires that cause deforestation are raising the temperature of Planet Earth and there is no Planet B.

 

 

 

 

DESERTIFICATION COP HISTORY

 

COP 1: Rome, Italy, 29 Sept to 10 Oct 1997

COP 9: Buenos Aires, Argentina, 21 Sept to 2 Oct 2009

COP 2: Dakar, Senegal, 30 Nov to 11 Dec 1998

COP 10: Changwon, South Korea, 10 to 20 Oct 2011

COP 3: Recife, Brazil, 15 to 26 Nov 1999

COP 11: Windhoek, Namibia, 16 to 27 Sept 2013

COP 4: Bonn, Germany, 11 to 22 Dec 2000

COP 12: Ankara, Turkey, 12 to 23 Oct 2015

COP 5: Geneva, Switzerland, 1 to 12 Oct 2001

COP 13: Ordos City, China, 6 to 16 Sept 2017

COP 6: Havana, Cuba, 25 August to 5 Sept 2003

COP 14: New Delhi, India, 2 to 13 Sept 2019

COP 7: Nairobi, Kenya, 17 to 28 Oct 2005

COP 15:  2020

COP 8: Madrid, Spain, 3 to 14 Sept 2007

COP 16:  2021

 

 

CLIMATE CHANGE COP HISTORY

 

1995 COP 1, BERLIN, GERMANY
1996 COP 2, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND
1997 COP 3, KYOTO, JAPAN
1998 COP 4, BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA
1999 COP 5, BONN, GERMANY
2000:COP 6, THE HAGUE, NETHERLANDS
2001 COP 7, MARRAKECH, MOROCCO
2002 COP 8, NEW DELHI, INDIA
2003 COP 9, MILAN, ITALY
2004 COP 10, BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA
2005 COP 11/CMP 1, MONTREAL, CANADA
2006 COP 12/CMP 2, NAIROBI, KENYA
2007 COP 13/CMP 3, BALI, INDONESIA

2008 COP 14/CMP 4, POZNAN, POLAND
2009 COP 15/CMP 5, COPENHAGEN, DENMARK
2010 COP 16/CMP 6, CANCUN, MEXICO
2011 COP 17/CMP 7, DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA
2012 COP 18/CMP 8, DOHA, QATAR
2013 COP 19/CMP 9, WARSAW, POLAND
2014 COP 20/CMP 10, LIMA, PERU
2015 COP 21/CMP 11, Paris, France
2016 COP 22/CMP 12/CMA 1, Marrakech, Morocco
2017 COP 23/CMP 13/CMA 2, Bonn, Germany
2018 COP 24/CMP 14/CMA 3, Katowice, Poland
2019 COP 25/CMP 15/CMA 4, Santiago, Chile

2020 COP 26/CMP 16/CMA 5, to be announced

 

 

BIODIVERSITY COP HISTORY

 

COP 1: 1994 Nassau, Bahamas, Nov & Dec

COP 8: 2006 Curitiba, Brazil, 8 Mar

COP 2: 1995 Jakarta, Indonesia, Nov

COP 9: 2008 Bonn, Germany, May

COP 3: 1996 Buenos Aires, Argentina, Nov

COP 10: 2010 Nagoya, Japan, Oct

COP 4: 1998 Bratislava, Slovakia, May

COP 11: 2012 Hyderabad, India

EXCOP: 1999 Cartagena, Colombia, Feb

COP 12: 2014 Pyeongchang, Republic of Korea, Oct

COP 5: 2000 Nairobi, Kenya, May

COP 13: 2016 Cancun, Mexico, 2 to 17 Dec

COP 6: 2002 The Hague, Netherlands, April

COP 14: 2018 Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, 17 to 29 Nov

COP 7: 2004 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Feb

COP 15: 2020 Kunming, Yunnan, China

 

 

 

 

OUR (SUGGESTED) SIX STEPS TOWARD A COOLER PLANET

 

1. TRANSPORT: Phase out polluting vehicles. Governments aim to end the sale of new petrol, and diesel vehicles by 2040 but have no infrastructure plan to support such ambition. Such infrastructure should exceed the performance of fossil fuel filling stations, prolong EV battery life and provide power grids with a measure of load leveling. Any such system should seek to obviate the provision of millions of fast charge points where implementation could prove to be a logistical nightmare and an inefficient energy delivery system. This may involve international agreement as to energy storage format and statute to steer car makers to collaborate (in part) in a world of competition.

 

Marine transport can be carbon neutral given the right policies, with phased transition in specific stages such as not to unduly penalize present investment in LNG shipping and other recent MARPOL compliant IC powered vessels. Future cargo vessel should be at least in part powered by renewable energy, on the road to zero carbon via the development of shorter distance ferries and the like, making allowances for technology catch-up from 2030 with scrappage trade in on outdated ships and marine taxes on internal combustion engines.

 

Air travel powered by kerosene should attract hefty mitigation offset, where low carbon alternatives should be encouraged.

 

2. RENEWABLESRenewable energy should replace carbon-based fuels (coal, oil and gas) in our electricity for homes, factories, heating and transport. Coal and nuclear power plants should be phased out.

 

3. HOUSING: On site micro or macro generation is the best option, starting with new build homes that are both affordable and sustainable by design to replace crumbling housing stocks. Encourage building in timber to provide carbon lock from a renewable natural resource. Make sustainable housing a permitted development. Taking out the need to apply for planning permission, will cut out council blockers from the decision making process, to stamp out empire building agendas.

 

4. AGRICULTURE: We need to grow more trees to absorb carbon emissions from a growing population, air travel, and to build new homes. We should promote reductions in food waste and eating of foods that use less energy to produce. Educating children on these matters in schools and via campaigns such as no meat Mondays, should be part of ordinary study.

 

5. INDUSTRY: Factories should be aiming for solar heating and onsite renewable energy generation. EV parking and even service facilities should be part of new industrial estates as part of any building permissions.

 

6. POLITICS: - National governing bodies need to adopt rules to eliminate administrative wastages, to include scaling down spending on war machines, increasing spend on educating the public and supporting sustainable social policies that mesh with other cultures. This includes fostering policies and making funds available to close links in the technology chain to make up for lost time. Kleptocratic empire building must cease in the search for natural equilibrium.

 

 

 

 

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LINKS & REFERENCE

 

https://

 

 

 

SOIL EROSION - The more land that we lose to grow crops the greater the food security issue. As the ice caps melt, desertification spreads to make Earth more uninhabitable.

 

 

Please use our A-Z INDEX to navigate this site

 

 

 

This website is provided on a free basis as a public information service. copyright Climate Change Trust 2019. Solar Studios, BN271RF, United Kingdom.

 

 

CANADIAN WILD FIRES CONSUME TREES, HOUSES AND HUMANS AS THEY DESTROY EVERYTHING IN THEIR PATH