Those crazy hippies might have a point. It is getting a little warmer
than I'd Like."
wildfires in Canada are on the increase. From 2007 to 2017, wildfires
burned an average of 6.6 and 6.2 million acres/year in the U.S. and
Killed between 160
and 300 people.
The Great Fire
The Yaquina Fire
The Coos Fire
1,200 and 2,500 people and has the distinction of being the
conflagration that caused the most deaths by fire in United
States history. It was overshadowed by the Great
Chicago Fire that occurred on the same day.
Great Michigan Fire
It was overshadowed
by the Great Chicago Fire that occurred on the same day.
Killed 282 people
Canyon Fire of 1889
Killed 418+ people
and destroyed 12 towns
(state) and Oregon
1908 Fernie Fire
Town of Fernie,
BC destroyed. 22 casualties reported. Cause: logging slash.
Fire of 1910
87 people (incl. 78
firefighters) killed and several towns destroyed across North
Idaho and Western Montana. ~2,000 separate blazes burned an
area the size of Connecticut in what is believed to be the
largest fire in U.S. history.
Killed between 73
and 200 people
Killed 223 people
according to official figures, and destroyed several towns, Cochrane
burnt again after just five years.
Killed 453 people
Great Fire of 1919
Spanning from Lac
La Biche, AB to almost Prince Albert, SK. Village of Lac La
Biche destroyed. 300+ people homeless. An estimated $200,000
in property damage.
Cause: drought, high winds,
lightning. Forest Fire area burned is an estimation.
Fire of 1922
Killed 43 people
and burnt through 18 townships in the Timiskaming District
Leveled 50 city
blocks, destroying 624 buildings
47 acres (19 ha)
Griffith Park Fire
firefighters and injured more than 150
1,700 acres (690 ha)
Great Fires of 1947
A series of fires
that lasted ten days; 16 people killed. Forest fire destroyed
part of Bar Harbor and damaged Acadia National Park.
4,500 acres (1,800 ha)
12 firefighters who
parachuted near the fire and 1 forest ranger died after being
overtaken by a 200-foot wall of fire at the top of a gulch
near Helena, Montana.
Columbia and Alberta
North American fire on record. The B.C. portion was just
1,300 acres (530 ha)
firefighters. Well known textbook case used to train
25th. Fire destroyed 40,000 acres in Cleveland National Forest
and caused 11 deaths.
Largest wildfire in
BC history until the 2017 Plateau Fire of 521,012 hectares.
16,090 acres (6,510 ha)
484 homes destroyed
and ~112 injuries.
Black Saturday Fire
destroyed and 7 people killed.
382 homes destroyed
and 8 people killed.
10,000 acres (4,000 ha)
Force Base, 4 people killed including the base commander, and
two fire chiefs.
Columbia, destroyed 7 residences
In 1985, nearly
93,000 acres of forest, wetlands and farmland burned in
northeastern North Carolina in one of the biggest fires in
modern state history
Siege of 1987
These fires were
started by a large lightning storm in late August. The storm
started roughly 1600 new fires, most caused by dry lightning.
fires of 1988
Never controlled by
firefighters; only burned out when a snowstorm hit.
The Manitoba Fires
1147 wildfires in
central and northern Manitoba in the spring & summer of
1989. 24,500 people evacuated from 32 communities. Over 100
homes destroyed. Worst fire season in province's history.
Cause: severe drought, human and natural ignition sources.
5,000 acres (2,000 ha)
1 death and 430
buildings burned in this arson fire near Santa Barbara
1,520 acres (620 ha)
Killed 25 and
destroyed 3469 homes and apartments within the cities of
Oakland and Berkeley
14,337 acres (5,802 ha)
homes, burned 14,337 acres causing $528,000,000 in damage.
2,115 acres (856 ha)
12,354 acres (4,999 ha)
45 homes destroyed
wildfire in Alaska history. 344 structures destroyed.
4899 fires, burned
342 homes, $390 million timber lost.
Silver Creek Fire
Immediately SW of
Salmon Arm, BC. Cause was lightning. Approximately 7,000
people evacuated. Over 40 buildings destroyed. It cost over
$10,000,000 to extinguish.
Big Bar Complex
Started August 1999
Burned about 420
dwellings in Los Alamos, New Mexico, damaged >100 buildings
at Los Alamos National Laboratory; $1 billion damage, second
worst fire in state's recorded history
9,300 acres (3,800 ha)
also called the
Largest fire in
Sequoia National Forest history.
Threatened, but did
not burn the town of Show Low, Arizona
Fire in Pike
wildfire in Colorado's history. Five firefighter deaths, 600
Biscuit Complex Fire
150 million dollars
portions of Summerhaven, Arizona
Mountain Park Fire
inhabitants, destroyed 239 homes and threatened urbanized
sections of Kelowna.
Burned along the
crest of the Cascade Mountains between Mount Washington and
Mount Jefferson including 40,419 acres (163.57 km 2)
within the Mount Jefferson Wilderness.
destroyed, 6 deaths. Simultaneous with the Cedar Fire.
recorded fire in modern California history; burned 2,232 homes
and killed 15 in San Diego County.
Largest wildfire by
acreage of 1997–2007 time period
wildfire that killed 5 firefighters and destroyed 34 homes and
1 residence burned,
Farm Road/Big Turnaround Complex Fire
fire in Georgia history. 26 structures were lost.
Largest fire on
record in Florida.
18,000 acres (7,300 ha)
Warren Grove Fire
Forest fire in the
New Jersey Pine Barrens caused by a flare form an F-16 jet.
Destroyed 4 homes, damaged 53 homes, injured 2.
Largest fire on
record in Utah.
Started July 2007.
Second largest California fire at the time after the Cedar
fire of 2003.
wildfires of October 2007
A series of
wildfires that killed 9 people and injured 85 (including 61
firefighters). Burned at least 1,500 homes from the Santa
Barbara County to the U.S.–Mexico border.
Peat fire started
on 1 June by lightning strike during North Carolina's drought
– the worst on record.
2008 California wildfires
California, the fires were mostly started by lightning. In
Santa Barbara (Southern California), the Gap fire endangered
homes and lives. The Basin Complex and Gap fire were the
highest priority fires in the state at this time.
19,130 acres (7,740 ha)
Highway 31 Fire
Brush fire in
Myrtle Beach, the most destructive fire in terms of loss in
state history. Destroyed 76 homes and damaged 97.
Also known as the
Lava Canyon fire this was the largest fire in BC in 2009.
Started 31 July by lightning this fire made news when it
threatened a wild horse population.
BC's largest blaze
of 2010, resulted in evacuation orders and alerts. Burned
70,000 acres in a 12-hour period.
The largest fire in
Arizona state history. In one 24-hour burn period (6/6-6/7),
it consumed 77769 acres of forest land.
County Complex fire
The worst fire in
Texas state history, destroyed over 1500 homes
Canadian fire since 1950.
Second largest fire
in New Mexico state history. 63 homes lost. Threatened Los
Alamos National Laboratory.
12,000 acres (4,900 ha)
Slave Lake, Alberta, Canada and its surrounding area from 14
May 2011 through 16 May 2011. The fire destroyed roughly
one-third of Slave Lake and cost $1.8 billion.
Largest wildfire in
New Mexico state history. Began in the Gila Wilderness as two
separate fires that converged, both started by lightning.
Destroyed 12 homes in Willow Creek, NM.
wildfire in New Mexico state history. Began in the Lincoln
National Forest and was started by lightning.
lightning, it is the second largest wildfire in Colorado state
history by size.
18,247 acres (7,384 ha)
Rampart Range and
West Colorado Springs with 346 homes destroyed primarily in
the Mountain Shadows neighborhood, it is the second most
destructive fire in state history. Two fatalities reported.
Ash Creek Fire
Draw Fire and Miller
fire in 150 years.
14,198 acres (5,746 ha)
North of Colorado
Springs, Large, fast-spreading fire due to dry conditions,
high heat and restless winds. Destroyed 509 homes and left 17
homes partially damaged. As of 13 June 2013 it became the most
destructive fire in Colorado state history.
1,300 acres (530 ha)
killed on 30 June 2013.
Over 300 evacuated.
Yosemite National Park. Biggest wildfire on record in the
Sierra Nevada, and fourth largest wildfire in California
history. Started 17 August 2013 and was contained on 24
merged to become the largest single wildfire in Washington
state history (Of the 3,000,000 acres
Fire of 1910, only 150,000 acres were in Washington.)
Northwest Territories fires
Said to have been
the largest set of wildfires in 30 years in the Northwest
Territories. Total cost of firefighting was between C$55
and C$56 million compared to the normal budget C$7.5 million.
There were no reported deaths.
wildfire complex in Washington state history.
Largest wildfire in
evacuation in Alberta history (88,000 on 3 May, a further
8,000 on 16 May). Over 2,400 homes and buildings destroyed.
Costliest disaster in Canadian history.
British Columbia wildfires
The 2017 BC fire
season is notable for three reasons; first, for the largest
total area burnt in a fire season in recorded history; second,
for the largest number of total evacuees in a fire season
(Estimated 65,000 evacuees); and third, for the largest single
fire ever in British Columbia.
Contained thanks to
the rain and snow by mid-September.
2017 Northern California wildfires
The October 2017
Northern California wildfires were a large group of forest
fires that killed 44 people and destroyed 8,900 structures.
Largest wildfire in
modern California history at the time (see 1889 Santiago
Canyon fire that may have been larger). Spread fast due to
strong winds and unusual dry weather in December.
British Columbia wildfires
put 2018 as the largest total burn-area in any British
Columbia wildfire season, surpassing the historic 2017
destroyed, 2 reported deaths
destroyed, 8 reported deaths
destroyed, 3 fatalities, 5 injuries
destroyed, 85 confirmed deaths, 2 missing, 17 injured,
deadliest and most destructive wildfire in California to date.
FIRE A TO Z
- California, Yosemite
- Saddleworth Moor
IS GOOD x 10 PLEASE
wood is only good if part of a replanting scheme, with at
least 2 trees planted for every one felled, though we would suggest up
to 10 trees should be planted to offset the loss of carbon absorption
need to plant more trees - a whole lot more trees, not clear them, and
especially not waste
timber that is a vital renewable resource for zero
carbon house building. Forest fires that cause deforestation are raising
the temperature of Planet
Earth and there is no Planet
DESERTIFICATION COP HISTORY
COP 1 : Rome, Italy, 29
Sept to 10 Oct 1997
: Buenos Aires,
Argentina, 21 Sept to 2 Oct 2009
COP 2 : Dakar,
Nov to 11 Dec 1998
: Changwon, South
Korea, 10 to 20
COP 3 : Recife, Brazil, 15 to 26
Namibia, 16 to 27
COP 4 : Bonn, Germany, 11 to 22
: Ankara, Turkey, 12 to 23
COP 5 : Geneva,
Switzerland, 1 to 12
: Ordos City,
China, 6 to 16
COP 6 : Havana, Cuba, 25 August to 5
: New Delhi, India, 2 to 13
COP 7 : Nairobi, Kenya, 17 to 28
COP 8 : Madrid, Spain, 3 to 14
COP 16: 2021
CLIMATE CHANGE COP HISTORY
COP 1, BERLIN, GERMANY
COP 2, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND
COP 3, KYOTO, JAPAN
COP 4, BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA
COP 5, BONN, GERMANY
6, THE HAGUE, NETHERLANDS
COP 7, MARRAKECH, MOROCCO
COP 8, NEW DELHI, INDIA
COP 9, MILAN, ITALY
COP 10, BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA
COP 11/CMP 1, MONTREAL, CANADA
COP 12/CMP 2, NAIROBI, KENYA
COP 13/CMP 3, BALI, INDONESIA
COP 14/CMP 4, POZNAN, POLAND
COP 15/CMP 5, COPENHAGEN, DENMARK
COP 16/CMP 6, CANCUN, MEXICO
COP 17/CMP 7, DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA
COP 18/CMP 8, DOHA, QATAR
COP 19/CMP 9, WARSAW, POLAND
COP 20/CMP 10, LIMA, PERU
COP 21/CMP 11, Paris, France
COP 22/CMP 12/CMA 1, Marrakech, Morocco
COP 23/CMP 13/CMA 2, Bonn, Germany
COP 24/CMP 14/CMA 3, Katowice, Poland
COP 25/CMP 15/CMA 4, Santiago, Chile 2020
COP 26/CMP 16/CMA 5, to be announced
1 : 1994 Nassau,
Bahamas, Nov & Dec
8 : 2006
Curitiba, Brazil, 8 Mar
2 : 1995
Jakarta, Indonesia, Nov
9 : 2008 Bonn,
3 : 1996 Buenos
Aires, Argentina, Nov
10 : 2010
Nagoya, Japan, Oct
4 : 1998
Bratislava, Slovakia, May
11 : 2012
1999 Cartagena, Colombia, Feb
12 : 2014
Pyeongchang, Republic of Korea, Oct
5 : 2000
Nairobi, Kenya, May
13 : 2016
Cancun, Mexico, 2 to 17 Dec
6 : 2002 The
Hague, Netherlands, April
14 : 2018
Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, 17 to 29 Nov
7 : 2004 Kuala
Lumpur, Malaysia, Feb
15: 2020 Kunming, Yunnan, China
(SUGGESTED) SIX STEPS TOWARD A COOLER PLANET
Phase out polluting vehicles.
Governments aim to end the sale of new petrol,
and diesel vehicles by
2040 but have no infrastructure plan to support such ambition. Such
infrastructure should exceed the performance of fossil
fuel filling stations, prolong EV
battery life and provide power grids with a measure of load leveling.
Any such system should seek to obviate the provision of millions of fast
charge points where implementation could prove to be a logistical
nightmare and an inefficient energy delivery system. This may involve
international agreement as to energy storage format and statute to steer
car makers to collaborate (in part) in a world of competition.
transport can be carbon neutral given the right policies, with phased
transition in specific stages such as not to unduly penalize present
investment in LNG
shipping and other recent MARPOL
powered vessels. Future cargo vessel should be at least in part powered
by renewable energy, on the road to zero carbon via the development of
shorter distance ferries
and the like, making allowances for
technology catch-up from 2030 with scrappage
trade in on outdated ships and marine
taxes on internal
travel powered by kerosene
should attract hefty mitigation offset, where low carbon alternatives
should be encouraged.
Renewable energy should replace
carbon-based fuels ( coal,
oil and gas)
in our electricity for homes, factories, heating and transport. Coal
power plants should be phased out.
On site micro or macro
generation is the best option, starting with new build homes that are
both affordable and sustainable by design to replace crumbling housing
stocks. Encourage building in timber to provide carbon lock from a
renewable natural resource. Make sustainable housing a permitted
development. Taking out the need to apply for planning permission, will
cut out council blockers from the decision making process, to stamp out
empire building agendas.
We need to grow more trees
to absorb carbon emissions from a growing
population, air travel, and to build new homes. We should promote
reductions in food waste and eating of foods that use less energy to
produce. Educating children on these matters in schools and via
campaigns such as no
meat Mondays, should be part of ordinary study.
Factories should be aiming for solar heating and onsite renewable energy
generation. EV parking and even service facilities should be part of new
industrial estates as part of any building permissions.
- National governing bodies need
to adopt rules to eliminate administrative wastages, to include scaling
down spending on war machines, increasing spend on educating the public
and supporting sustainable social policies that mesh with other
cultures. This includes fostering policies and making funds available to
close links in the technology chain to make up for lost time. Kleptocratic
empire building must cease in the search for natural equilibrium.
EROSION - The
more land that we lose to grow crops the greater the food security
issue. As the ice caps melt, desertification spreads to make Earth more
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