UN UNITED NATIONS

UNITED NATIONS CLIMATE CHANGE WARMING PLANET EARTH GLOBALLY DESERTIFICATION MELTING ICECAPS

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One of the purposes of the United Nations (as stated in its Charter) is "to achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character." The UN first did this in the aftermath of the Second World War on the devastated continent of Europe, which it helped to rebuild. The Organization is now relied upon by the international community to coordinate humanitarian relief operations due to natural and man-made disasters in areas beyond the relief capacity of national authorities alone.

 

Where they may have got off to a good start they seem to have taken their eyes off the ball to the extent that we now have rapidly melting ice caps, rising sea levels and spreading deserts on a grand scale. This appears to be because the Parties refused to tackle their fossil fuel dependence in good time - allowing oil cartels, auto makers and shipbuilders to run riot with products that pollute the planet.

 

UN officials did not have the guts to insist on action, allowing things to drift and drift and drift a bit more until now it could be too late. It is certainly too late for the hundreds of species that the G20 and another 177 member states have allowed to be exterminated. Apologies to those nations who did have what it takes to speak out against these crimes.

 

  

 

FOOD AID - Grain is delivered to refugee camps when people are displaced by war or natural disasters.

 

 

OCHA and the UN system

 

The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) of the UN Secretariat is responsible for coordinating responses to emergencies.  It does this through the Inter-Agency Standing Committee, whose members include the UN system entities most responsible for providing emergency relief.  A coordinated, system-wide approach to humanitarian relief is essential in providing assistance quickly and efficiently to those in need.

 

The UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), managed by OCHA, is one of the fastest and most effective ways to support rapid humanitarian response for people affected by natural disasters and armed conflict. CERF receives voluntary contributions year-round to provide immediate funding for life-saving humanitarian action anywhere in the world.

 

What key UN entities deliver humanitarian aid?

 

Four UN entities, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the World Food Programme (WFP) have primary roles in the delivery of relief assistance. UNDP is the agency responsible for operational activities for natural disaster mitigation, prevention and preparedness. When emergencies occur, UNDP Resident Coordinators coordinate relief and rehabilitation efforts at the national level.

 

Helping refugees

 

The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) emerged in the wake of World War II to help Europeans displaced by that conflict. The agency leads and co-ordinates international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. The General Assembly created the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) to provide emergency relief to some 750,000 Palestine refugees, who had lost their homes and livelihoods as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict.  Today, some 5 million Palestine refugees are eligible for UNRWA services.

 

The UN General Assembly hosted a high-level meeting on 19 September 2016 to address large movements of refugees and migrants, with the aim of bringing countries together behind a more humane and coordinated approach.

 

 

 

 

Helping Children

 

Since its beginning, The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) has strived to reach as many children as possible with effective, low-cost solutions to counter the biggest threats to their survival. UNICEF also consistently urges governments and warring parties to act more effectively to protect children.

 

Feeding the Hungry

 

The World Food Programme (WFP)  provides relief to millions of people, who are victims of disasters. It is responsible for mobilizing food and funds for transport for all large-scale refugee-feeding operations managed by UNHCR.

 

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is often called on to help farmers re-establish production following floods, outbreaks of livestock disease and similar emergencies. The FAO Global Information and Early Warning System issues monthly reports on the world food situation. Special alerts identify, for Governments and relief organizations, countries threatened by food shortages.

 

Healing the Sick

 

The World Health Organization (WHO) coordinates the international response to humanitarian health emergencies.  WHO is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. In the 21st century, health is a shared responsibility, involving equitable access to essential care and collective defence against transnational threats.

 

 

 

WHO JUNE 2019 - A newly installed solar power plant in the Gaza Strip, Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), will reduce Nasser Hospital’s reliance on donated fuel and, by providing life-saving interventions, help build resilience. This is according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

 

17 June 2019, Gaza - WHO and implementing partners inaugurated the newly installed solar power plant at Nasser hospital in the Gaza Strip.

Annually, the 250 KWp solar plant, providing 420 MWh of energy, is expected to save around 166,000 litres of fuel and reduce CO2 emissions by 185 tons.

The Government of Japan provided US$ 500,000 to WHO to implement the solar electrification project in order to meet the needs of the wider population, with a specific focus on the refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs) in Gaza.

The power plant provides clean energy and is expected to reduce CO2 emissions and improve health services for an estimated 19,000 people per month.

“Interruptions in energy supply have created an enormous challenge for the health sector in Gaza, putting lives of the most vulnerable patients at risk,” said Gerald Rockenschaub, WHO head for the OPT. “The solar electrification of Nasser Hospital is an important step towards ensuring more sustainable power supply to health facilities”.

Chronic electricity shortages in Gaza have severely compromised basic health assistance and left the enclave reliant on backup generators to sustain critical life-saving services. Solar electricity can help decrease hospital’s dependence of on emergency generators. 

 

 

RESOLUTIONS @ REGULAR SESSIONS

 

 

74th - 2019

73rd - 2018

72nd - 2017

71st - 2016

70th - 2015

69th - 2014

68th - 2013

67th - 2012

66th - 2011

65th - 2010

64th - 2009

63rd - 2008

62nd - 2007

61st - 2006

60th - 2005

59th - 2004

58th - 2003

57th - 2002

56th - 2001

55th - 2000

54th - 1999

53rd - 1998

52nd - 1997

51st - 1996

50th - 1995

49th - 1994

48th - 1993

47th - 1992

46th - 1991

45th - 1990

44th - 1989

43rd - 1988

42nd - 1987

41st - 1986

40th - 1985

39th - 1984

38th - 1983

37th - 1982

36th - 1981

35th - 1980

34th - 1979

33rd - 1978

32nd - 1977

31st - 1976

30th - 1975

29th - 1974

28th - 1973

27th - 1972

26th - 1971

25th - 1970

24th - 1969

23rd - 1968

22nd - 1967

21st - 1966

20th - 1965

19th - 1964

18th - 1963

17th - 1962

16th - 1961

15th - 1960

14th - 1959

13th - 1958

12th - 1957

11th - 1956

10th - 1955

9th - 1954

8th - 1953

7th - 1952

6th - 1951

5th - 1950

4th - 1949

3rd - 1948

2nd - 1947

1st - 1946

 

 

 

 

 

DESERTIFICATION COP HISTORY

 

COP 1: Rome, Italy, 29 Sept to 10 Oct 1997

COP 9: Buenos Aires, Argentina, 21 Sept to 2 Oct 2009

COP 2: Dakar, Senegal, 30 Nov to 11 Dec 1998

COP 10: Changwon, South Korea, 10 to 20 Oct 2011

COP 3: Recife, Brazil, 15 to 26 Nov 1999

COP 11: Windhoek, Namibia, 16 to 27 Sept 2013

COP 4: Bonn, Germany, 11 to 22 Dec 2000

COP 12: Ankara, Turkey, 12 to 23 Oct 2015

COP 5: Geneva, Switzerland, 1 to 12 Oct 2001

COP 13: Ordos City, China, 6 to 16 Sept 2017

COP 6: Havana, Cuba, 25 August to 5 Sept 2003

COP 14: New Delhi, India, 2 to 13 Sept 2019

COP 7: Nairobi, Kenya, 17 to 28 Oct 2005

COP 15:  2020

COP 8: Madrid, Spain, 3 to 14 Sept 2007

COP 16:  2021

 

 

 

UN SUMMIT CLIMATE CHANGE - Global emissions are reaching record levels and show no sign of peaking. The last four years were the four hottest on record, and winter temperatures in the Arctic have risen by 3°C since 1990. Sea levels are rising, coral reefs are dying, and we are starting to see the life-threatening impact of climate change on health, through air pollution, heatwaves and risks to food security.

 

 

CLIMATE CHANGE COP HISTORY

 

1995 COP 1, BERLIN, GERMANY

2008 COP 14/CMP 4, POZNAN, POLAND

1996 COP 2, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND

2009 COP 15/CMP 5, COPENHAGEN, DENMARK

1997 COP 3, KYOTO, JAPAN

2010 COP 16/CMP 6, CANCUN, MEXICO

1998 COP 4, BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA

2011 COP 17/CMP 7, DURBAN, SOUTH AFRICA

1999 COP 5, BONN, GERMANY

2012 COP 18/CMP 8, DOHA, QATAR

2000:COP 6, THE HAGUE, NETHERLANDS

2013 COP 19/CMP 9, WARSAW, POLAND

2001 COP 7, MARRAKECH, MOROCCO

2014 COP 20/CMP 10, LIMA, PERU

2002 COP 8, NEW DELHI, INDIA

2015 COP 21/CMP 11, Paris, France

2003 COP 9, MILAN, ITALY

2016 COP 22/CMP 12/CMA 1, Marrakech, Morocco

2004 COP 10, BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA

2017 COP 23/CMP 13/CMA 2, Bonn, Germany

2005 COP 11/CMP 1, MONTREAL, CANADA

2018 COP 24/CMP 14/CMA 3, Katowice, Poland

2006 COP 12/CMP 2, NAIROBI, KENYA

2019 COP 25/CMP 15/CMA 4, Santiago, Chile

2007 COP 13/CMP 3, BALI, INDONESIA

2020 COP 26/CMP 16/CMA 5, to be announced

 

 

UN World Health Organization

 

UN CONTACTS

 

WHO oPt office
Abu Obaida Ibn El Jarrah Street, 10
P.O. Box 54812
Jerusalem, via Israel
Phone: +972 (0) 540 0595
Fax: +972 (0)2581 0193

 

LINKS & REFERENCES

 

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UN UNITED NATIONS